Chapter 1: Buried, Alive

There is an esteemed tradition of working to end racial configuration in societies long marked by it. This tradition emerged out of resistance movements to racial slavery, subordination, suppression, and segregation both in colonial societies and in postcolonizing social arrangements. Commitments to do away with race, consequently, have long been associated with social movements to end racism. Indeed, a primary prompt to end racial classification and configuration is tied to antiracism.

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Page 1 - David Theo Goldberg, “Racial comparisons, relational racisms: some thoughts on method”

Page 8 - White Man’s Burden 1995 by Desmond Nakano

Page 8 - White Man’s Burden Rudyard Kipling 1899

Page 9 - Two Towns of Jasper

Page 10 - Civil rights march on Washington, D.C. 1963

Page 10 - Late 40’s / Early civil rights group picket / “Jim Crow” showing of “Gone with the Wind”

Page 11 - Celebration of the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia by the colored people 1866

Page 17 - No Apartheid – Wall of Justice Revival

Page 23 - Born Again Racism

Page 23 - After the Race Conference: Relief, and Doubt Over Whether It Will Matter

Page 24 - “The Other” at the Museum of Ethnography Budapest

Page 24 - California Prop 54 – Racial Privacy Initiative

Chapter 2: “Killing Me Softly”: Civility/Race/Violence

Civility’s fading (and failing), so commonly supposed as the contemporary condition, has been attributed for the most part to the increasing heterogeneity and diversification of modern urban environments. It has been blamed also for a variety of social ills. These have ranged from charges of selfish and hyper-individualized societies, care-less and increasingly litigious (consider Stephen Carter’s flat and flatulently insistent excuse for Christian revivalism), to complaints of societies stricken by runaway crime rates, vulgarity and violence.

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Page 35 - Group of semi-civilized natives [between 1895 and 1896]

Page 35 - Semi-civilized native [between 1895 and 1896]

Page 49 - Landing of Columbus

Page 56 - Aircraft Hanno, Imperial Airways, Gaza, ca. 1935

Chapter 3: Deva-Stating Discriminations (On Racial Americanization)

Race is commonly assumed in the popular imagination to be an antique notion, a vestige of premodern or at least not adequately modernized social assertions and arrangements. I want here to extend this frame of analysis by outlining a set of more or less recent typologies of regionally prompted, parametered, and promoted racisms linked to their dominant state formations. I am suggesting regional models or really mappings rather than ideal types, broad generalizations as contours of racist configuration, each one with its own material and intellectual history, its prior conditions and typical modes of articulation. They are often interactive historically, overlapping landscapes. But it remains nevertheless revealing to delineate them, to distinguish one kind and style as well as their conditions of possibility, expressions, effects, and implications from another. Identifying these mappings in the name of the social places and spaces of their principal origination, historical manifestation, and regional articulations is not to limit the (partial) influence of their logics and effects on other places, spaces, and regions that might not be readily identified with their coordinates of origination.

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Page 66 - A Jinrikisha, A Zulu and a Yankee

Page 66 - St. Paul River, Liberia; [between 1895 and 1896]

Page 66 - Mode of Travel [between 1895 and 1896]

Page 66 - Racist Newspaper Article in Munich “AZ”

Page 70 - Women at Ticket Booth South Africa 1949

Page 70 - Apartheid: the Tyranny of Racism Made Law, Cape Town 1982

Page 70 - Apartheid in South Africa 1982

Page 70 - Discriminatory signs labeled “colored men,” “white only,” etc., in trash can Ed Bagwell photographer

Page 70 - Sign reading “waiting room for colored only, by order Police Dept.” between 1943 and ca. 1960

Page 70 - The Mind of the South

Page 70 - Drinking fountain on the county courthouse lawn 1938

Page 76 - Stockton (vicinity), California. Mexican agricultural laborers arriving by train 1943

Page 76 - A rurale–Mexico border police 1906

Page 77 - Shifting Racial Logics or Racial Governmentalities

Page 77 - Search for arms – Mexican border; soldier searching two men in horse-drawn cart

Page 77 - Civil rights march on Washington, D.C. 1963

Page 77 - Civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama in 1965

Page 77 - Civil rights march on Washington, D.C 1963

Page 77 - National Civil Rights Demonstration in Cincinnati 2001

Page 77 - March on Washington to Realize the Unfulfilled Promise of Brown v. Board of Education 2004

Page 84 - “The ‘Bloody Shirt’ Reformed” Harper’s Weekly August 12, 1876

Page 84 - La. Town Fells ‘White Tree,’ but Tension Runs Deep

Page 87 - Blue Velvet: Re-dressing New Orleans in Katrina’s wake

Chapter 4: Targets of Opportunity (On Racial Palestinianization)

British modernization, as Salim Tamari has pointed out, accordingly transformed a complexly secular, cosmopolitan, broadly communitarian order under Ottoman rule – especially in cities such as Jerusalem and ports such as Jaffa and Haifa (but also more regionally in Beirut and Damascus) – into a more segregating, ethnoracially and religiously discrete and divided set of communities in contest with each other for resources, space, and political favor. Classic colonial divide and rule, ethnoracially fueled. This regional transformation of heterogeneity into the logos of an assertedly homogeneous ethnoracial polity, of ethnoraciality, its promptings and its implications, is what I trace here in the name of racial palestinianization.

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Page 106 - Searching for arms, Jaffa Gate 1920

Page 106 - Searching for arms after the trouble of Nov. 2nd, 1921

Page 114 - Avenge but one of my two eyes 2005 Directed by Avi Mograbi

Chapter 5: Precipitating Evaporation (On Racial Europeanization)

While major European cities have seen the informal emergence of segregating residential space, contemporary racial europeanization represents another mode again. I focus in this chapter on the racial evaporations identifiable with europeanization and on their implications.

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Page 152 - Ethnicity and family – Relationships within and between ethnic groups: An analysis using the Labour

Page 153 - Submission

Page 170 - Calendar from 1884

Page 170 - King Baudouin of Belgium and his wife Queen Fabiol KISANGANI, ZAIRE 1970

Page 170 - The Congo Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History 1909-1915

Page 170 - Royal Museum for Central Africa

Page 170 - Citizens parade in the Belgian Congo celebrating their forthcoming independence 1960

Page 170 - Royal Museum for Central Africa Brochure

Page 170 - Royal Museum for Central Africa: Belgium Brings Civilization to the Congo

Page 171 - “The Leopard Man”

Page 173 - Slavery

Chapter 6: Revealing Alchemies (On Racial Latinamericanization)

Latin America. The region of intense métissage, of mestizaje, of mesticagem, indeed, of the very conception. And of an imaginary conjuring it in the first place. Histories of ethnoracial mixtures and categorical transgression, forced and facilitated. Culturally repressed and resisted. Even as they became practiced, projected, and celebrated as national character in the post-abolitionist period. Categorical transgression morphed into mainstream identity. In some regional nation-states more so than others.

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Page 206 - Jemmy Button – a civilizing experiment

Page 206 - Casta Paintings Mexico 18th Century

Page 206 - Casta Paintings Mexico 1750

Page 206 - From Spaniard and Indian, a Mestiza is Born

Page 206 - LACMA Inventing Race

Page 216 - Comparative racial scales

Chapter 7: A Political Theology of Race (On Racial Southafricanization)

From the earliest moments of encounter and unequal exchange, the colonial prehistory of South Africa introduced effects with more or less permanent and interacting impacts: modern urban-making and the politics of its contestation, its remaking according to a blueprint of ruled division; the knotted, contested, often tragic politics of more or less robust mixture, ethnoracially, miscegenationally, socio-culturally; and the threatening political economy of racial division, separation, and segregation, with their invariably, even inevitably, tragic effects.

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Page 249 - Table Mountain and a Slave House

Page 251 - The Bay of Agoa de Saldanha 1736

Page 252 - Portrait of Two Women (Mixed Blood) Exhibiting Steatopygia n.d South Africa Natal Colony Durban

Page 267 - Table Mountain

Page 271 - Zulu Warriors, Zululand

Page 279 - British Liberty assailed in South Africa 1900

Page 279 - British artillery during Boer War: howitzer battery going to Maddox Hill 1900

Page 294 - A segregated pedestrian bridge in Cape Town

Page 299 - A demonstration against the Pass Laws, Johannesburg City Hall steps 1960

Page 299 - Sharpeville

Page 299 - A meeting to launch the Defiance Campaign

Chapter 8: Enduring Occupations (On Racial Neoliberalism)

With neoliberalism, I have been suggesting, race is purged from the explicit lexicon of public administrative arrangements and their assessment while remaining robust and unaddressed in the private realm. Neoliberalism, as I elaborated most explicitly in the case of post-apartheid South Africa, sought expression as racial secularization. Race faded into the very structures, embedded in the architecture, of neoliberal sociality, in its logics and social relations. Race lost its social sacrality while retaining its personal cache and privatized resonance, even in the public sphere.

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Page 330 - Snow White, a B-24 bomber of the U.S. Army in the Libyan Desert during World War II

Page 336 - Welfare Queen’ Becomes Issue in Reagan Campaign

Page 336 - Minutemen Border Fence

Page 336 - Friendships at the Border